Opposition Summit at Taj West End Bengaluru🙏

Following initial talks between the parties in Patna on June 23, the opposition parties' summit at the Taj West End in Bengaluru is their second such gathering. Since then, the opposition front has already experienced a shock as everyone now supports the concept of joining together to oppose the BJP in an ideology and issue-based alliance before the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. From 17 parties in Patna to 26 in Bengaluru, the number of participating parties has also expanded.

A total of 26 opposition parties came together to establish the Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance (INDIA) on Tuesday in order to challenge the Bharatiya Janata Party-led NDA, setting the tone for their 2024 Lok Sabha campaign.

We examine the current situation of these parties in the states as the parties' two-day convention in Bengaluru comes to a close.

1. Indian National Congress

With 49 MPs in the Lok Sabha and 31 in the Rajya Sabha, the Congress is the largest party in the opposition coalition. Karnataka, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, and Himachal Pradesh are the four states where it now holds power. Bihar, Tamil Nadu, and Jharkhand all have it as a component of their government.

2. All India Trinamool Congress (TMC)

West Bengal's ruling party, which is led by Mamata Banerjee, has 12 members in the Rajya Sabha and 23 in the Lok Sabha. In some other states, like Meghalaya, it also has MLAs.

The TMC has already stated that it plans to run for office not only in all Bengali seats but also in a few other states.

3. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)

The DMK, led by MK Stalin, the chief minister of Tamil Nadu, is in charge in that state and has sway in Puducherry. Its 34 MPs are divided into 24 Lok Sabha members and 10 Rajya Sabha members.

The previous opposition gathering in Patna, according to him, was a rallying cry against the "fascist and autocratic" government.

4. Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)

With 11 members of parliament (one in the Lok Sabha and ten in the Rajya Sabha), the party led by Arvind Kejriwal is in power in Delhi and Punjab.

5. Janata Dal (United)

The party has 21 MPs (16 Lok Sabha and 5 Rajya Sabha) under the leadership of Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, who convened the first opposition meeting in Patna.

Last year, Nitish Kumar severed ties with the BJP and allied himself with the RJD and Congress. As a result of his ability to mend fences between the Congress and certain significant regional figures, including Mamata and Kejriwal, with whom the grand old party had strained relations, that goal has emerged as a crucial component of opposition unity.

6. Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)

Tejashwi Yadav, the son of Lalu Prasad, who is the party's leader, is the deputy chief minister in Bihar. The six members are all in the Rajya Sabha.

The CBI charge sheet for the suspected land-for-job fraud in Bihar lately contained the names of Lalu, Tejashwi, and Rabri Devi. Tejashwi has responded to the accusations by asserting that they are without foundation and blaming the BJP for harbouring personal animosities.

7. Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM)

A coalition administration is being led by the party of Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren. Two represent it in the Rajya Sabha and one represents it in the Lok Sabha.

8. Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 

Sharad Pawar created the NCP, which has experienced division since the opposition parties' summit in Patna. After joining the BJP-Shiv Sena (Shinde) administration, his nephew, Ajit Pawar, was sworn in as the Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra on July 2.

Along with the Congress and the Shiv Sena (UBT), the Sharad Pawar faction is currently a component of the state's opposition.

9. Shiv Sena (UBT)

Following a mutiny led by Eknath Shinde in June of last year, the Shiv Sena founded by Bal Thackeray was split, and the Uddhav Thackeray-led group became known as the Shiv Sena (UBT).

Shinde gained control of the state after allying with the BJP, and the Election Commission recognised his group as the legitimate "Shiv Sena" in doing so.

10. Samajwadi Party (SP)

The largest opposition party in Uttar Pradesh, the state that sends the most representatives to the Lok Sabha, is the Samajwadi Party, which is led by the former chief minister Akhilesh Yadav. Currently, the SP has three members in the Lok Sabha and three in the Rajya Sabha.

11. Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD)

Ajit Singh, the grandson of former prime minister Charan Singh, founded the RLD in 1996. As the sole member of the Rajya Sabha, Jayant Singh, Ajit's son, presently serves as the party's leader. The majority of the party's supporters are from western Uttar Pradesh.

12. Apna Dal (Cameraist)

Sonelal Patel founded the political party Apna Dal in 1995. It is based in the Kurmi community and is mostly active in Uttar Pradesh. Currently, Patel's wife Krishna Patel and daughter Pallavi Patel are in charge of the party.

13. Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (NC)

One of the dominant forces in Jammu & Kashmir is the National Conference, which is led by former chief minister Farooq Abdullah.

Omar Abdullah, his son and the former chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, asserted that the Modi administration's reign at the Centre has undermined the Constitution and damaged the nation's secular foundation.

14. Peoples Democratic Party (PDP)

Mehbooba Mufti, a former chief minister of J&K, is the leader of the PDP, another significant political force. He claimed that the nation's democracy and constitution were being subverted and urged all sane parties to band together in order to save the concept of India.

In the current Lok Sabha, the PDP is not represented.

15. Communist Party of India (Marxist)

The LDF government in Kerala is led by the CPI(M), the main Leftist party. It has eight MPs (three in the Lok Sabha and five in the Rajya Sabha), and is active in West Bengal, Tripura, and Tamil Nadu.

16. Communist Party of India (CPI)

The Kerala LDF, which is in power, includes the CPI. It has two representatives in the Lok Sabha and two in the Rajya Sabha. The state party status was recently revoked by the Election Commission in West Bengal and Odisha, although it is still a state party in Kerala, Manipur, and Tamil Nadu.

17. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation

The CPI-ML (Liberation), a splinter group within the CPI, is a member of the Bihar government coalition. There are 12 MLAs for the party in the state, which is led by Dipankar Bhattacharya.

18. Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP)

The RSP, a member of the left, was started by Tridib Chowdhary and has ties to both the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army and the Bengali Mukti Andolan Anushilan Samiti.

Kerala has one Lok Sabha representative for the RSP. States like West Bengal and Tripura have some of their support.

19. All India Forward Bloc

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose established it in 1939, at first as a division of the Congress Party. Following independence, the party increased its electoral presence in states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, and Assam, with West Bengal serving as its main base. However, eight decades later, the party is now restricted to specific regions of the nation. No MPs or MLAs are in the running.

20. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK)

Vaiko, a Rajya Sabha MP, served as the MDMK's leader when it was established in 1994. It has a support base in both Tamil Nadu and Puducherry and is a member of the coalition in Tamil Nadu that is led by the DMK.

21. Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (VCK)

Thol is the leader of the VCK or The Liberation Panthers Party. Thirumavalavan is a member of the Tamil Nadu coalition run by the DMK.

M. Malalchamy led the Dalit Panthers Iyakkam movement, which got its start as an anti-caste movement in Madurai in 1982. Thol. Thirumavalavan took control when he passed away in 1989 and changed the name to VCK.

22. Kongunadu Makkal Desiya Katchi (KMDK)

The DMK-led coalition in Tamil Nadu includes the KMDK, which is led by businessman-turned-politician ER Easwaran. In western Tamil Nadu, there is some support for it. The party only has one Lok Sabha representative, AKP Chinraj, who was elected using the DMK emblem.

23. Manithaneya Makkal Katchi (MMK)

MMK was founded in 2009 under the direction of MH Jawahirullah. The DMK-led coalition in Tamil Nadu includes it. In addition to being a member of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB), Jawahirullah is a current MLA.

24. Indian Union Muslim League (IUML)

M. Muhammad Ismail created the IUML, which is acknowledged as the state party in Kerala. The United Democratic Front (UDF), one of Kerala's two main political coalitions, was founded by the Congress and the IUML.

25. Kerala Congress (M)

Jose M. Mani, the father of K.M. Mani, who founded the party in 1979, is currently in charge. Both a Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha member represent the party. As a member of the CPI(M)-led LDF, it ran in the state's 2021 assembly elections.

26. Kerala Congress (Joseph)

The party is now run by P.J. Joseph, who is from Kerala. It was a component of the UDF, which is run by Congress and served as Kerala's main competitor to the CPI(M)-dominated LDF in the most recent assembly elections.

The president of the Congress, Mallikarjun Kharge, declared the party was "not interested in power or the post of prime minister" on the second day of the opposition gathering.
He declared, "Our goal is to safeguard the Constitution, democracy, secularism, and social justice, not to seize power for ourselves.

Also Read: https://www.banglorenews.com/2023/07/Connecting-Bangalore-BMRCLs-Test-Run-on-Bengaluru-Metro-Purple-Line-Commences.html


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